Distinguish between relative dating and absolute dating
The pantheon constitute the unifying factors, but in these also Mesopotamia shows its predilection for multiplicity and variety.
Written documents were turned out in quantities, and there are often many copies of a single text.
Between Baghdad and the mouth of the Shaṭṭ al-ʿArab (the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates, where it empties into the Persian Gulf) there is a difference in height of only about 100 feet (30 metres).
As a result of the slow flow of the water, there are heavy deposits of silt, and the riverbeds are raised.
codes, of which the best-known is the Code of Hammurabi.
Throughout these codes recurs the concern of the ruler for the weak, the widow, and the orphan—even if, sometimes, the phrases were regrettably only literary clichés.
However, in the broader sense, the name Mesopotamia has come to be used for the area bounded on the northeast by the Zagros Mountains and on the southwest by the edge of the Arabian Plateau and stretching from the Persian Gulf in the southeast to the spurs of the Anti-Taurus Mountains in the northwest.History of Mesopotamia, history of the region in southwestern Asia where the world’s earliest civilization developed.The name comes from a Greek word meaning “between rivers,” referring to the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, but the region can be broadly defined to include the area that is now eastern Syria, southeastern Turkey, and most of Iraq.In many cases, however, the origins and routes of borrowings are obscure, as in the problem of the survival of ancient Mesopotamian legal theory.The achievement of the civilization itself may be expressed in terms of its best points—moral, aesthetic, scientific, and, not least, literary.